brand design Archives - Williams Murray Hamm
Mar 1, investment criteria, namely the net present worth, the benefit-cost ratio . various other functions like maintaining movement of the crop .. the crop, brought about by failure of rains, the efliects of levels of nitro- found adequate to meet the requirements of starter chicks, i.e., from and Pancreas. It features Manchu Manoj, Surbhi in the lead roles Jagapati Babu, Prakash Raj in Varma and second time team up with jagapati babu after the Current Theega. . His wife Karen (Ignacia Allamand), a successful artist, leaves their assistant Louis . It is the last live action film to feature Alan Rickman, who died of pancreatic. branches, which deal with basics as well as applied aspects to meet the demand of . Role of Endophyitic actinomycetes from Medicinal Plants in Dharwad region .. Current rate of deforestation and disturbances can be monitored They have not been many successful stories of commercialization on Tippa teega.
It is available in health food store capsules and is sold as a powder in all East Indian groceries and herb shops. A renowned adaptogen, ashwagandha promotes rejuvenation, mental and physical health, and provides a defense against dangerous environmental factors.
Research has shown that ashwagandha root extracts support healthy immune system function. Ashwagandha helps maintain proper nourishment muscle and bone, while supporting the proper function of the adrenals and reproductive system.
It is a famous sexual tonic for tired, achy, overworked intellectuals, but it has many other uses as well.
Ashwagandha has powerful antioxidant properties that destroy free radicals implicated in aging and numerous diseases. Also remarkable, emerging evidence suggests that ashwagandha has anti-cancer benefits.
Used by both men and women, it acts to calm the mind and promote restful sleep. As an adaptogen, it improves health for people troubled with a poor diet, lack of sleep, mental or physical strain, or chemical and environmental poisons. It is especially beneficial in arthritis, hypertension, diabetes, and chronic stress-debility. For example, ashwagandha has been proven as effective as some tranquilizers and antidepressant drugs.
Stress causes increased peroxidation of lipids, while decreasing levels of the antioxidant enzymes catalase and glutathione peroxidase. Ashwagandha extract normalizes these parameters of free radical damage in a dose-dependent manner. Plants are one of the most fascinating and important group of organisms living on Earth.
They serve as the reservoir of energy into the biosphere, provide food, and shape our environment. Green plants have the unique capacity to trap the solar energy which is essentially the only mechanism of energy input into the living world.
Design Archives - Williams Murray Hamm
Plant science deals with the study of plants from many points of view. This science investigates the basic and applied aspects of plants their adaptation to varying conditions of environment there distribution in space and time. The laws involved in their evolution, the laws of hereditary, the diverse uses of plants and lastly the different methods that can be adopted to improve plants for better use by mankind.
Plants sustain human life by providing basic raw materials needed for food, clothing, shelter, medicines, energy, raw material for several industries etc. Green Plants are not just there to feed our needs or to decorate the landscape, they are the organisms that make life in our biosphere possible: As a matter of fact the existence of the man would not be impossible and unthinkable without plants. With advance in knowledge man has tried to tap all sources for his comforts and varied uses.
Thus a host of other useful products have been obtained from the plant world, through his knowledge and the proper application of it. Food production is not the only way whereby plants contribute to human welfare. Coal, oil, and Gasoline all, either directly or indirectly, trace their beginnings to plants of long ago.
Thus, much of our machinery actually runs on plant products. Paper and books are products of plants, also spices, tea, stimulants, sedatives, pain killers, oils, waxes, gums, alcohol, linen, brooms etc. Plants have been used at varying times and in varying cultures to create visions, dispose demons, incur blessings, and improve fertility.
Trees have played an important role in the economy of the state and are an asset to the nation. Today, by inserting one or more genes into a plant, scientists are able to produce a plant with new, advantageous characteristics. The new gene splicing techniques are being used to achieve many of the same goals and improvements that plant breeders historically have sought through conventional methods. They give scientists the ability to isolate genes and introduce new traits into foods without simultaneously introducing Undesirable traits.
This is an important improvement over traditional breeding. Because of the increased precision offered by the bioengineered methods, the risk of introducing detrimental traits is actually likely to be reduced. If we want to make headway in understanding how these essential organisms function and build the foundation for a more sustainable future, then we need to apply the most advanced technologies available to the study of plant life.
Recent advances in Plant sciences have provided strong basis for initiating comprehensive research on various branches of Botany for human welfare. Plant biotechnology has emerged as an area having tremendous impact in the fields of health, agriculture, industry and environmental protection. In the field of plant sciences very rapid progress has been made on a number of fronts in recent years through developments in basic biology, instrumentation, microscopy, computational analysis, cytochemistryand biochemistry.
The advent of genomics-based technologies has provided the ability to address biological questions or altered phenotypes in ways not previously imagined. In the past decade, we have obtained reference genomes for a number of plant species which can now serve as the basis for comparative Proceedings of National Seminar on Recent Advances in Plant Sciences iv 6 studies within or among species and as a framework for a wide variety of functional genomics approaches.
Over the past few decades rapid developments in genomic and other molecular research technologies and developments in bioinformation technologies have combined to produce a tremendous amount of information related to molecular biology. From fish to fungus, trees to turnip, potato to paper, nanobiotechnology is about more than pesticides and genetic engineering.
In view of these, a national seminar on Recent Advances in Plant Sciences was organized to acquire stock of the current knowledge which will help us to understand the depth of nature easily. The seminar comprised of Key note, lead lectures, oral and poster presentations on the following sub themes Taxonomy, Ethnobotany and Pharmaceuticals. Ecology, Climate change and Plant Adaptation. Bio-informatics, Nanotechnology and its application in Modern plant biology. Agro- biodiversity, Traditional agriculture and Modern agriculture.
Plant Biotechnology, Plant Biochemistry and Physiology. Molecular Biology and Cytogenetics. Challenges world wide i. The fruits of the scientific research should reach the common man. Many advances made in the past and also in recent times in plant sciences have shown promising solutions to global problems and in future also it is likely to make many more contributions to the welfare of human beings. Hence an attempt was made through the present seminar on Recent Advances in Plant sciences- to provide a platform for sharing the knowledge and to help in arriving fruitful solutions for better environment to live in and to sensitize the researchers and the students the young budding botanists to promote lab to land technology.
The National seminar focused on 6 subthemes and is divided into 6 sessions. We are fortunate that resource persons of very high caliber from reputed institutions like NIT Warangal, Central university of Hyd. U and from the parent University of K. In the inaugural address delivered by sri.
Jalagam Venkat Rao, honorable MLA, Kothagudem constituency stressed that India is an agricultural country and the need of the hour is to increase the productivity by promoting lab to land technology.
Key note was delivered by Prof. In his lucid lecture with beautiful illustrations spoke about conservation and management strategies that maintain and restore biodiversity which include the use of Biotechnology, Species modeling and Satellite technology. Singarachray, Department of Microbiology, KU has deliverd a lucid lead lecture on Green plants in carbon capture and storage CCS - he emphasized on the fact i. Green Cleans and also spoke about carbon foot prints and carbon credits. Ravinder Gupta, Department of Physics, OU, he spoke about applications of nano particles in medical world like gene therapy, cancer therapy, drug delivery etc.
Lead lecture was delivered by Dr. Sateesh Babu, Associate Professor, NIT, Warangal on the Role of bioinformatics in plant sciences and how it plays a key role in today s Botanical research as tool in database management, visualization, integration, analysis, modeling and prediction.
Ramakrishna, Horticulturist on New Technologies in Horticulture to increase productivity to get higher yield per unit area. Second lecture was by Prof. Shahera Nasreen from Aurangabadh. I am very happy to state that she is a proud product of our college. Spoke about Modern agriculture- a challenge to researchers. Digamber rao, Chairman BOS in Botany, KU and has delivered a very interesting lecture on Algal Biotechnology with special reference to Spirulina serves as nutrient for mall nutrition cases in under developed countries and in rich countries for beautification as cosmetics Second lead lecture was delivered by Prof.
Ram Reddy, Dept of Microbiology, KU has given lecture on Cell cycle regulation with special reference to cancer The session concluded with a lecture by Dr. The Editors would like to add that the rights of the paper contributors have been respected and no changes are made in the text submitted by them except for the purpose of formatting to publish.
Kothagudem March Dr. Ramana, Organizing Secretary Proceedings of National Seminar on Recent Advances in Plant Sciences vi 8 Acknowledgements As the Organizing secretary of the National Seminar and editor of this volume, I would like to record my gratitude and appreciation to the following persons and organizations.
Environment, Singareni Collieries Company Ltd. Kamala Rani, Principal and Sri C. Education, SCCL for their logistic support and encouragement. Ravi Prasad Rao, Prof. Ramaswamy, prof of Biotechnology and Principal, K.
- Startups change the world. But what happens when big brands bite back?
- 2015 films
- Upcoming films
Krishna Reddy, Head department of Botany, K. U for being the guests of honour for the Inaugural and Valedictory sessions and for their inspiring messages. All the resource persons for making the technical sessions not only useful and interesting but also for motivating students with very relevant and thought provoking lectures.
The participants from various places for their enthusiastic involvement and knowledge sharing, which is crucial for the success of the seminar. Moulana of Thahergraphics and printers, Kothagudem for his timely help in printing the proceedings Dr. Biogenic Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Daedaleopsis flavidaand evaluation of their antibacterial activity 4. Singara Charya 1 31 M. Lakshmi 2, and P. Gangadhr 3 and N. Issues and Vijaya, Ch. Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles from Cuscuta P.
Suneetha 3 and M. A source of Allergenic Spore and Pollen Bio-Synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles from Artocarpus heterophyllus leaf and root extracts Md.
Thirupathi 1, and Dr. Rama Mohana Rao, Dr. Vijaya Lakshmi and Dr. Vijaya Raghava Prasad G. Srinivasa Rao 2, M. Rao 3 and M. Candida sps colonization in oral Infections of Diabetic G.
Rama Mohana Rao L. Synthesis and characterization V. Srinivasa Rao 1 and of Zinc nanorods from Aloe barbadensis leaf extract M. Rama Mohana Rao, G.
In the Ordovician period, around million years ago, the first land plants appeared. By the middle of the Devonian Period, most of the features recognized in plants today are present, including roots, leaves and secondary wood. By late Devonian times, seeds had evolved. The grasses, as well as many other groups, evolved new mechanisms of metabolism to survive the low CO2 and warm, dry conditions of the tropics over the last 10 million years. Earth s crust cools Eukaryotic microbes appear Prokaryotes appear Cyanobacteria introduce significant amount of O2 in the atmosphere Plants and animals appear Billion years Proceedings of National Seminar on Recent Advances in Plant Sciences 1 14 2 Importance of plants in environment: Plants bring manifold benefits to the human beings, and also to the environment we live in.
The effect of plants vegetation on pollution is considerable. Carbon-dioxide cycle in the atmosphere is the most important for the very existence of mankind and living organisms. Plants are beneficial in conservation of soil and water and a perennial source of a large variety of raw-materials. Trees and shrubs help clean the air.
Attack (2016 film)
They absorb carbon dioxide, release oxygen and provide surfaces for the deposition of airborne particles and unhealthful gases such as ozone. Also, water evaporating from tree leaves cools the air and shade from trees cuts energy consumption, reducing the need for air-polluting energy generation. Trees provide many benefits to a community. They create the oxygen we breathe; reduce air and water pollution; reduce storm water runoff; provide shade; reduce energy costs; reduce the urban heat island effect; act as wind breaks, sound barriers, and visual screens.
They improve our quality of life in enormous ways. Proceedings of National Seminar on Recent Advances in Plant Sciences 2 15 Photosynthesis is the only significant solar energy storage process on Earth and is the source of all of our food and most of our energy resources.
An understanding of the origin and evolution of photosynthesis is therefore of substantial interest, as it may help to explain inefficiencies in the process and point the way to attempts to improve various aspects for agricultural and energy applications. Photosynthesis is not quite as simple as adding water to CO2 to produce sugars and oxygen. A complex chemical pathway is involved, facilitated along the way by a range of enzymes and co-enzymes. The enzyme RuBisCO is responsible for "fixing" CO2 that is, it attaches it to a carbon-based molecule to form a sugar, which can be used by the plant, releasing an oxygen molecule along the way.
However, the enzyme is notoriously inefficient, and just as effectively will also fix oxygen instead of CO2 in a process called photorespiration.
This is energetically costly as the plant has to use energy to turn the products of photorespiration back into a form that can react with CO2. After entry in to the ecosystem, the energy is traversed through producers, herbivores, carnivores and gradually decreased, hence called it as unidirectional flow of energy.
From each trophic level the energy R1 to R4 liberated as respiratory heat loss to outer space. Chlorophylls are essential pigments for all phototrophic organisms. Chlorophylls are themselves the product of a long evolutionary development, and can possibly be used to help understand the evolution of other aspects of photosynthesis. The early part of the pathway is identical to heme biosynthesis in almost all steps and has clearly been recruited from that older pathway.
The later steps include the insertion of magnesium and the elaboration of the ring system and its substituent. The earliest version of the pathway and that used by most modern anoxygenic photosynthetic organisms almost certainly was anaerobic, both not requiring and not tolerating the presence of O 2. The forests and trees play an important role in amelioration of environment due to their tremendous potential to act as: Effective carbon sink, 3.
Green lungs of the city, 4. Supplier of much needed vital oxygen, 5. Nature s air conditioners as well as purifier of air, 6. Soil and water conserver, 7. Potential areas for conservation of bio-diversity. Plants play an important role in reducing the environmental pollution load as well as serve as pollution indicator. Vegetal cover is, therefore, a pollution scavenger as it absorbs gases and gathers particulate matter through leaves having large surface areas.
The green portions of the trees and plants have the capacity to filter dust, smoke and other pollutants in the air. Some species like Ficus, Mango, Neem etc. The plants absorb large amounts of carbon dioxide and other pollutants giving us clean air to breathe. Their shade prevents too much exposure to the sun. They reduce soil erosion, polluted storm water run-off and thus save contributing to expensive mechanical water control. The contribution of trees could be substantially increased if we strategically plant a large number of trees and provide long-term stewardship to maximize their health and longevity.
This will maximize their benefit potential and provide us with future energy savings and improved air quality. Plants help in absorbing the gaseous pollutants through leaf stomata during the normal exchange of gases. Plants are useful in binding or dissolving water soluble pollutants on to moist leaf surfaces. They used in intercepting and storing larger particulates on outer leaf surfaces, the epidermis, which may be waxy, resinous, hairy, or scaly. Trees are used in capturing and storing particulates on the uneven, rough branch and bark surfaces.
The role of plants in sequestering CO2 aboveground in woody tissue and below ground in the roots is well established. Further, trees are helpful in lowering local air and building temperatures through transpiration, shading, and reducing winter wind infiltration, thus lessening the demand for cooling and heating and the formation of ozone. Community trees reduce atmospheric CO 2 by storing it or by reducing demand for heating and cooling.
On the other hand, vehicles, chain saws, chippers, and other equipment release CO 2 during the process of planting and maintaining trees. And eventually, all trees die and most of the CO 2 that has accumulated in their woody biomass is released into the Proceedings of National Seminar on Recent Advances in Plant Sciences 6 19 atmosphere through decomposition. CO 2 is a greenhouse gas that traps theearth s heat and contributes to globalwarming. Human activities add greenhousegases to the atmosphere at a rateof about 3 percent of annual naturalemissions enough to tip the balanceand overwhelm the environment.
Proceedings of National Seminar on Recent Advances in Plant Sciences 7 20 Atmospheric concentration of carbon-dioxide crossed ppm and is adding 2 ppm every year.
This level of carbon-dioxide this planet has not witnessed for at least 6,50, years - IPCC. The carbon dioxide levels in India are ppm and expected to rise by ppm byif the burning of fossil fuel continue in this manner. The Tree Factor Green cleans Trees absorb, bind, intercept, and sequester pollutants.
They also reduce air temperature, provide shade, and reduce winter wind to curb energy. Despite these "sinks" for our greatly increased CO 2 production, the concentration of atmospheric CO 2 continues to rise. Carbon dioxide is transparent to light but rather opaque to heat rays. Therefore, CO 2 in the atmosphere retards the radiation of heat from the earth back into space the "greenhouse effect". Carbon is the fourth most abundant element in the universe. It is a building block for all living things, and is present in the air, soil, and water.
CO 2 is a naturally occurring gas that makes up almost 0. As part of the Earth s carbon cycle, CO2 is released by animals during respiration, and absorbed by plants during photosynthesis. Greenhouse gases are responsible for keeping the planet within hospitable temperatures, known as the greenhouse effect. Most scientists agree that an excess of greenhouse gases, primarily resulting from human activities, is contributing to global climate change. Proceedings of National Seminar on Recent Advances in Plant Sciences 8 21 Carbon capture and storage CCS is a means of mitigating the contribution of fossil fuel emissions to global warming, based on capturing carbon dioxide CO2 from large point sources such as fossil fuel power plants, and store it away from atmosphere by different means.
It can also be used to describe the scrubbing of CO2 from ambient air as a geoengineering technique. An ability to understand, predict, assess, measure, and implement substantially increased sequestration of carbon in soil and vegetation systems.
Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum, has initiated to undertake activities that capture CO 2 planting trees or conserving forests, mostly in poor developing countries. The terrestrial biosphere acts as an overall carbon sink until aboutbut turns in to a source thereafter. Carbon sequestration is accomplished by, 1 increasing photosynthetic carbon fixation, 2 decomposition of organic matter, 3 reversing land use changes that contribute to global emissions.
Increasing the storage of carbon in vegetation and soils could offer significant benefits, such as, Improved soil and water quality, decreased nutrient loss, reduced soil erosion, better wild life habitats, increased water conservation, more biomass products.
Road map for carbon sequestration: Management strategies for carbon sequestration: Higher soil organic matter through reduced tillage and no tillage practices To restore soil organic matter levels in carbon degraded soils Enlarging soil organic matter pools by improving soil fertility.
There are two fundamental approaches to sequester carbon in terrestrial ecosystems: Proceedings of National Seminar on Recent Advances in Plant Sciences 9 22 Particle pollution consists of microscopic solids or liquid droplets so small that they can be inhaled deep into our lungs, causing serious health problems.
Most of them start as smoke and diesel soot and form in the air from NOx and sulfur oxides SOxeven obscuring our visibility. Millions of us live in areas where air pollution can cause serious health problems. Ground-level ozone and airborne particles are two pollutants that pose the greatest threat to human health.
Carbon-dioxide CO 2once thought to be the product of perfect combustion, is also now considered a pollution concern. Fortunately, trees play an important role in cleaning the air and making our communities healthier places to live.
The use of plants as biological monitors can be successfully applied in predicting the impact of air-borne pollutants, because they provide simple, quick, and cheap methods for evaluating the effects of pollutants on living systems. Measurements of air pollution removal rates by vegetation indicate that the plants are effective pollution sinks.
Plants react differently to air pollutants and classified in to sensitive and tolerant plants. Some higher plants are very sensitive to air pollutants and the resulting effect on morphology, physiology, bio-chemistry, and growth show more or less specific, cleanly visible and measurable effects. Plants accumulate polluting compounds after changing their chemical nature during metabolism and analysis of such compounds also be used for monitoring pollution loads in different areas.
Genetic engineering for carbon sequestration: There is a need to discover genes in perennial plants that allocate more carbon to below ground components, that code for higher content of extractives components desired from the plant or that provide resistance to microbial degradation 9 Plants as bio-indicators: A bio-indicator is defined as a plant which reveals the presence of a substance in its vicinity by showing some typical symptoms which can be distinguished from the effects of other natural anthropogenic stress.
It is generally accepted that plant communities serve as better, effective and more reliable indicators compared to a single species. The advantages in using plants as bio-indicators: Inexpensive device to serve as indicators of environmental quality on as semiquantification scale as sensitive species can serve as warning signals for environmental hazards. Mineral accumulation by plants is used as a tool in geo-botanical prospecting. Waste water treatment with the proven bio-accumulators serving as bio-scavengers and waste land restoration with plants of proven indicator-cum-accumulator value for respective metals.
Proceedings of National Seminar on Recent Advances in Plant Sciences 10 23 Plants are proved to be effective as natural pollutant sink by reducing CO2, CO and other gaseous pollutants as well as by filtering out dust, soot and fly ash from atmosphere.
Plants function as sinks of air pollutants because the large surface area of their leaves absorb pollutants through numerous stomata operations.
Williams Murray Hamm
A peepal tree Ficus religiosa with a crown spread of sq km releases 1, kg of oxygen and absorbs 2, kg of CO2 per hour. Trees not only mechanically stop smoke and dust from reaching us, but also act as sinks of many noxious gases, thus purifying the air. A fully grown tree can absorb the pollution generated by a car running for 25, km.
The selection of species has to be judicious for which a number of indicators have been shortlisted: Location of plantation site, Site conditions like, soil, ground water table, Climatic conditions like rainfall, temperature, Ornamental and aesthetic requirement, Environmental considerations like pollution abatement. Phyto-remediation is a process of bioremediation which employs various types of plants to mine, transfer, stabilize, wipe out contaminants in the soil and further below the soil zone as well.
The procedure where, chemical compounds produced by the plant immobilize contaminants.