Cuba–Russia relations - Wikipedia
The European Union told Cuba on Wednesday it disagreed with its aimed at improving relations between the communist-run island and European countries. Russia annexed the Crimea region after Ukraine's pro-Moscow. Cuba–Russia relations reflect the political, economic and cultural exchanges between Cuba and Russia. These countries have had close cooperation since the. Russia is seeking to expand economic ties with the island and possibly particularly in the former Soviet republics of Ukraine and Georgia.
After several years of intense negotiations, in the whole issue was resolved by partitioning the Black Sea Fleet and leasing some of the naval bases in Sevastopol to the Russian Navy until In the Friendship Treatywhich fixed the principle of strategic partnership, the recognition of the inviolability of existing borders, respect for territorial integrity and mutual commitment not to use its territory to harm the security of each other, was signed.
Later after new treaties came into effect, Ukraine's gas debt arrears to Russia were paid off by transfer of some nuclear-capable weapons that Ukraine inherited from the USSR, to Russia such as the Tu strategic bombers. Dependence was particularly strong in energy. Up to percent of annually consumed gas and close to 80 percent of oil came from Russia. On the export side, too, dependence was significant.
Old buyers gone byUkraine had experienced a percent drop in production of industrial machines with digital control systems, television sets, tape recorders, excavators, cars and trucks.
Although disputes prior to the Ukrainian presidential election, were present including the speculations regarding accidental shooting down of a Russian airliner by the Ukrainian military and the controversy with the Tuzla Islandrelations with Russia under the latter years of Leonid Kuchma improved. Inthe Russian Government participated in financing the construction of the Khmelnytsky and the Rivne nuclear power plants.
Russia–Ukraine relations - Wikipedia
The overall perception of relations with Russia in Ukraine differs largely on regional factors. Many Russophone eastern and southern regions, which are also home to the majority of the Russian diaspora in Ukraine welcome closer relations with Russia.
Russian President Putin 24 December  In Russia, there is no regional breakdown in the opinion of Ukraine,  but on the whole, Ukraine's recent attempts to join the EU and NATO were seen as change of course to only a pro-Western, anti-Russian orientation of Ukraine and thus a sign of hostility and this resulted in a drop of Ukraine's perception in Russia  although President of Ukraine Yushchenko reassured Russia that joining NATO was not meant as an anti-Russian act,  and Putin said that Russia would welcome Ukraine's membership in the EU .
This was further fuelled by the public discussion in Ukraine of whether the Russian language should be given official status  and be made the second state language. Ukraine denied the accusation.
During the South Ossetia war, relations with Russia also deteriorated over the new Ukrainian regulations for the Russian Black Sea Fleet such as the demand that Russia obtain prior permission when crossing the Ukrainian border, which Russia refused to comply with. It's a bit early to say.
The fighting centering on Debaltseve that went on despite the February 12 " Minsk II " agreement and the resulting forced withdrawal from that town of encircled Ukrainian troops made for an inauspicious start. Now there is some movement on the exchange of prisoners and apparently on the pullback of some heavy weapons. But still, none of the pivotal provisions of Minsk II a ceasefire and the pullback of heavy weapons, for example has yet been fully implemented.
Besides, without a verifiable ceasefire that involves third-party observers and peacekeepers on site they can only be introduced when there is a peace to keep in a weapons-and-troops-free zone on, say, a kilometer swathe on either side of the current battle lines, the ceasefire could fall apart quickly.
If that happens more people in eastern Ukraine will die, and many more will flee their homes.
- The signed memorandum is aimed at bolstering Russian-Cuban trade-economic relations
- Navigation menu
- Top Stories
And Russia and the United States could slide toward their biggest confrontation since the Cuban missile crisis. Your book, Conflict in Ukraine, was published just this month February during the middle of the crisis.
Were you anticipating the conflict? If so, what were the signs?
No one could have foreseen the Russian incorporation of Crimea in the spring of nor the war that erupted in Ukraine's eastern provinces of Donetsk and Luhansk at that time. When Eugene Rumer my co-author and I visited Ukraine, separately, before this volcano erupted, no one in that country thought that they would find themselves where they are today. That said, the tensions between Crimea and Donetsk and Luhank on the one hand, and the various central governments in Kiev go back to the independence of Ukraine in and have involved disputes over the place of the Russian language, regional autonomy, the nature of Ukraine's relationship with Russia, and, on one occasion at least, in Crimea's case, a bid for independence.
Crimea is Ukraine's only Russian-majority province and though only a fifth or so of Ukrainian citizens are ethnic Russians, four-fifths of them live in Crimea and Ukraine's eastern provinces.
The tension between Ukraine's western and central regionsand its southern and eastern ones can be overstated and it certainly has not been the defining element in Ukraine's politics.
But there's no denying that the current crisis has roots in the past and did not emerge from the clear blue sky. The book that Eugene Rumer and I wrote is not, I should stress, a policy primer. Instead, it seeks to offer a historical, economic, and political-security framework for understanding the complex set of circumstances that bought this crisis about and what pathways it might take. You and others have described this conflict as an upending of the post-Cold War order.
How would you describe that order and what do you see for the next one? Are we headed for a new Cold War?
If so, over what? That order was based on the assumption that Russia and the West shared enough interests in common for instance, economic relations, combating terrorism, stability in Afghanistan, and checking nuclear proliferation that they would, the Cold War having ended, coexist in harmony at minimum and perhaps even become partners.
The belief was that differences over NATO's expansion eastward and the EU's effort to increase integration with some ex-Soviet states would create challenges that would need to be resolved politically, but not that there would be a confrontation in Europe that would escalate to a military level. There will be no Cold War redux, given that Russia and the United States are not involved—despite the hype following the Ukraine conflagration—in a military and ideological competition on a global scale as the heads of rival alliances.
That said, it will take many years for the relationship between Russia and the West to return to anything we would consider normal and stable. The Ukraine crisis is like a big rock that has been thrown into a pond.
Ukraine crisis affects start of EU talks with Cuba | Reuters
It is having, and will have, far-reaching ripple effects, above all for Ukraine and Russia. I do not think that our own national security interests are at issue in this crisis in the way that many others do. Is there any hope for U. What about the future of NATO? The atmosphere for U. S-Russia cooperation has certainly been spoilt. But neither side must hold hostage cooperation on important issues that remains in their interests and in the interests of international peace and stability.Vesti Special Report: A New Era Dawns in Cuba; Meanwhile Russia Renews Her Special Relationship!
I have in mind, for example, a resolution to the dispute over Iran's nuclear program, stability on the Korean peninsula, and terrorism.
To say that we will refuse to work with the Russians on these matters until they do what we wish them to do in Ukraine amounts to cutting off our nose to spite our face.
That may offer catharsis but it's not a basis for a sensible policy. Much has been made of the broader security and economic impact of this conflict. What has been the damage to the Ukrainian economy and European security environment?
Ukraine: The New Cuban Missile Crisis?
It is not an exaggeration to say that Ukraine teeters on the edge of bankruptcy. I do not see light at the end of the tunnel. Those who focus on the effect of sanctions and low oil prices on Russia's economy the consequences for Russia have undeniably been very bad forget that a continuing war will take a far heavier toll on Ukraine.