She is very devoted to her husband but at the same time very ambitious as shown When Macbeth tells her wife that King Duncan will visit their castle that night. relation of theatre to cinema. bearded; wear traditional Muslim clothing and use heavy Urdu vocabulary. .. relationship with his wife is to murder Duncan. Macbeth is a tragedy by William Shakespeare; it is thought to have been first performed in Consumed by ambition and spurred to action by his wife, Macbeth murders King Duncan and The events of the tragedy are usually associated with the execution of Henry Garnet for complicity in the Gunpowder Plot of
In Chronicles, a man named Donwald finds several of his family put to death by his king, King Duff, for dealing with witches.
After being pressured by his wife, he and four of his servants kill the King in his own house. In Chronicles, Macbeth is portrayed as struggling to support the kingdom in the face of King Duncan's ineptitude. He and Banquo meet the three witches, who make exactly the same prophecies as in Shakespeare's version. Macbeth and Banquo then together plot the murder of Duncan, at Lady Macbeth's urging. Macbeth has a long, ten-year reign before eventually being overthrown by Macduff and Malcolm.
Macbeth (Theatre) - TV Tropes
The parallels between the two versions are clear. However, some scholars think that George Buchanan 's Rerum Scoticarum Historia matches Shakespeare's version more closely. Buchanan's work was available in Latin in Shakespeare's day. Scholars have seen this change of Shakespeare's as adding to the darkness of Macbeth's crime as the worst violation of hospitality.
Versions of the story that were common at the time had Duncan being killed in an ambush at Invernessnot in a castle.
Shakespeare conflated the story of Donwald and King Duff in what was a significant change to the story. In Chronicles, Banquo is an accomplice in Macbeth's murder of King Duncan, and plays an important part in ensuring that Macbeth, not Malcolm, takes the throne in the coup that follows. The Banquo portrayed in earlier sources is significantly different from the Banquo created by Shakespeare.
Critics have proposed several reasons for this change. First, to portray the king's ancestor as a murderer would have been risky.
Other authors of the time who wrote about Banquo, such as Jean de Schelandre in his Stuartide, also changed history by portraying Banquo as a noble man, not a murderer, probably for the same reasons. Henry Garnett for his alleged complicity in the Gunpowder Plot ofas referenced in the porter's scene.
Many scholars think the play was written in in the aftermath of the Gunpowder Plot because of possible internal allusions to the plot and its ensuing trials. The porter goes on to say that the equivocator "yet could not equivocate to heaven" 2. The tailor Griffin became notorious and the subject of verses published with his portrait on the title page.
In the words of critic Jonathan Gil Harris, "Macbeth was a play for a post-Elizabethan England facing up to what it might mean to have a Scottish king. England seems comparatively benign while its northern neighbour is mired in a bloody, monarch-killing past Macbeth may have been set in medieval Scotland, but it was filled with material of interest to England and England's ruler.
Garry Wills provides further evidence that "Macbeth" is a Gunpowder Play a type of play that emerged immediately following the events of the Gunpowder Plot. He points out that every Gunpowder Play contains "a necromancy scene, regicide attempted or completed, references to equivocation, scenes that test loyalty by use of deceptive language, and a character who sees through plots—along with a vocabulary similar to the Plot in its immediate aftermath words like train, blow, vault and an ironic recoil of the Plot upon the Plotters who fall into the pit they dug.
In one sermon inLancelot Andrewes stated, regarding the failure of the Plotters on God's day, "Be they fair or foul, glad or sad as the poet calleth Him the great Diespiter, 'the Father of days' hath made them both. In the words of Jonathan Gil Harris, the play expresses the "horror unleashed by a supposedly loyal subject who seeks to kill a king and the treasonous role of equivocation. The play even echoes certain keywords from the scandal-the 'vault' beneath the House of Parliament in which Guy Fawkes stored thirty kegs of gunpowder and the 'blow' about which one of the conspirators had secretly warned a relative who planned to attend the House of Parliament on 5 November Even though the Plot is never alluded to directly, its presence is everywhere in the play, like a pervasive odor.
Lines are a clear allusion to the scene in which Banquo's ghost visits and haunts Macbeth at the dinner table: In any place, but I will visit thee With ghastly looks, and put into thy mind The great offences which thou didst to me: When thou art at thy table with thy friends, Merry in heart, and filled with swelling wine, I'll come in midst of all thy pride and mirth, Invisible to all men but thyself, And whisper such a sad tale in thine ear Shall make thee let the cup fall from thy hand, And stand as mute and pale as death itself.
The Knight of the Burning Pestle. The first page of Macbeth, printed in the Second Folio of Scholars also cite an entertainment seen by King James at Oxford in the summer of that featured three " sibyls " like the weird sisters; Kermode surmises that Shakespeare could have heard about this and alluded to it with the weird sisters. Braunmuller in the New Cambridge edition finds the —6 arguments inconclusive, and argues only for an earliest date of This has been thought to allude to the Tiger, a ship that returned to England 27 June after a disastrous voyage in which many of the crew were killed by pirates.
A few lines later the witch speaks of the sailor, "He shall live a man forbid: The real ship was at sea days, the product of 7x9x9, which has been taken as a confirmation of the allusion, which if correct, confirms that the witch scenes were either written or amended later than July Some scholars contend that the Folio text was abridged and rearranged from an earlier manuscript or prompt book. One of the movement's offshoots was in the reconstruction of Elizabethan pronunciation: In Shakespeare's day, for example, "heath" was pronounced as "heth" "or a slightly elongated 'e' as in the modern 'get'" so it rhymed with "Macbeth" in the sentences by the Witches at the beginning of the play: There to meet with Macbeth.
A scholar of antique pronunciation writes, "Heath would have made a close if not exact rhyme with the "-eth" of Macbeth, which was pronounced with a short 'i' as in 'it'. The Witches, the play's great purveyors of rhyme, benefited most in this regard. Mostly, the actors seemed to pronounce it in a way which accords with the modern standard, but during one speech, Macbeth said 'fair'.
This seems especially significant in a play determined to complicate the relationship between 'fair' and 'foul'. I wonder, then, if the punning could be extended throughout the production. Themes and motifs The Prince of Cumberland! That is a step On which I must fall down, or else o'erleap, For in my way it lies.
Stars, hide your fires; Let not light see my black and deep desires. The eye wink at the hand; yet let that be Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see.
This brevity has suggested to many critics that the received version is based on a heavily cut source, perhaps a prompt-book for a particular performance. That brevity has also been connected to other unusual features: As a tragedy of character At least since the days of Alexander Pope and Samuel Johnsonanalysis of the play has centred on the question of Macbeth's ambition, commonly seen as so dominant a trait that it defines the character.
Johnson asserted that Macbeth, though esteemed for his military bravery, is wholly reviled. This opinion recurs in critical literature, and, according to Caroline Spurgeon, is supported by Shakespeare himself, who apparently intended to degrade his hero by vesting him with clothes unsuited to him and to make Macbeth look ridiculous by several nimisms he applies: When he feels as if "dressed in borrowed robes", after his new title as Thane of Cawdor, prophesied by the witches, has been confirmed by Ross I, 3, ll.
And, at the end, when the tyrant is at bay at Dunsinane, Caithness sees him as a man trying in vain to fasten a large garment on him with too small a belt: As Kenneth Muir writes, "Macbeth has not a predisposition to murder; he has merely an inordinate ambition that makes murder itself seem to be a lesser evil than failure to achieve the crown. Stoll, explain this characterisation as a holdover from Senecan or medieval tradition. Shakespeare's audience, in this view, expected villains to be wholly bad, and Senecan style, far from prohibiting a villainous protagonist, all but demanded it.
Yet for other critics, it has not been so easy to resolve the question of Macbeth's motivation. Robert Bridgesfor instance, perceived a paradox: For many critics, Macbeth's motivations in the first act appear vague and insufficient. John Dover Wilson hypothesised that Shakespeare's original text had an extra scene or scenes where husband and wife discussed their plans.
This interpretation is not fully provable; however, the motivating role of ambition for Macbeth is universally recognised. The evil actions motivated by his ambition seem to trap him in a cycle of increasing evil, as Macbeth himself recognises: Pasternak argues that "neither Macbeth or Raskolnikov is a born criminal or a villain by nature. They are turned into criminals by faulty rationalizations, by deductions from false premises. Almost from the moment of the murder, the play depicts Scotland as a land shaken by inversions of the natural order.
Shakespeare may have intended a reference to the great chain of beingalthough the play's images of disorder are mostly not specific enough to support detailed intellectual readings. He may also have intended an elaborate compliment to James's belief in the divine right of kingsalthough this hypothesis, outlined at greatest length by Henry N. Paul, is not universally accepted. As in Julius Caesarthough, perturbations in the political sphere are echoed and even amplified by events in the material world.
Among the most often depicted of the inversions of the natural order is sleep. Macbeth's announcement that he has "murdered sleep" is figuratively mirrored in Lady Macbeth's sleepwalking.
Macbeth's generally accepted indebtedness to medieval tragedy is often seen as significant in the play's treatment of moral order. Glynne Wickham connects the play, through the Porter, to a mystery play on the harrowing of hell. Howard Felperin argues that the play has a more complex attitude toward "orthodox Christian tragedy" than is often admitted; he sees a kinship between the play and the tyrant plays within the medieval liturgical drama.
The theme of androgyny is often seen as a special aspect of the theme of disorder. Inversion of normative gender roles is most famously associated with the witches and with Lady Macbeth as she appears in the first act. Whatever Shakespeare's degree of sympathy with such inversions, the play ends with a thorough return to normative gender values. Some feminist psychoanalytic critics, such as Janet Adelman, have connected the play's treatment of gender roles to its larger theme of inverted natural order.
In this light, Macbeth is punished for his violation of the moral order by being removed from the cycles of nature which are figured as female ; nature itself as embodied in the movement of Birnam Wood is part of the restoration of moral order. As a poetic tragedy Critics in the early twentieth century reacted against what they saw as an excessive dependence on the study of character in criticism of the play. This dependence, though most closely associated with Andrew Cecil Bradleyis clear as early as the time of Mary Cowden Clarkewho offered precise, if fanciful, accounts of the predramatic lives of Shakespeare's female leads.
She suggested, for instance, that the child Lady Macbeth refers to in the first act died during a foolish military action. Witchcraft and evil Macbeth and Banquo with the Witches by Henry Fuseli In the play, the Three Witches represent darkness, chaos, and conflict, while their role is as agents and witnesses. During Shakespeare's day, witches were seen as worse than rebels, "the most notorious traytor and rebell that can be. Much of the confusion that springs from them comes from their ability to straddle the play's borders between reality and the supernatural.
They are so deeply entrenched in both worlds that it is unclear whether they control fate, or whether they are merely its agents. They defy logic, not being subject to the rules of the real world. Hover through the fog and filthy air" are often said to set the tone for the rest of the play by establishing a sense of confusion.
Indeed, the play is filled with situations where evil is depicted as good, while good is rendered evil.
The line "Double, double toil and trouble," communicates the witches' intent clearly: While the witches do not tell Macbeth directly to kill King Duncan, they use a subtle form of temptation when they tell Macbeth that he is destined to be king.
By placing this thought in his mind, they effectively guide him on the path to his own destruction. This follows the pattern of temptation used at the time of Shakespeare. First, they argued, a thought is put in a man's mind, then the person may either indulge in the thought or reject it. Macbeth indulges in it, while Banquo rejects.
No matter how one looks at it, whether as history or as tragedy, Macbeth is distinctively Christian. One may simply count the Biblical allusions as Richmond Noble has done; one may go further and study the parallels between Shakespeare's story and the Old Testament stories of Saul and Jezebel as Miss Jane H. Jack has done; or one may examine with W. Curry the progressive degeneration of Macbeth from the point of view of medieval theology. The Scottish Play While many today would say that any misfortune surrounding a production is mere coincidence, actors and other theatre people often consider it bad luck to mention Macbeth by name while inside a theatre, and sometimes refer to it indirectly, for example as " the Scottish play ",  or "MacBee", or when referring to the character and not the play, "Mr.
M", or "The Scottish King". This is because Shakespeare or the play's revisers are said to have used the spells of real witches in his text, purportedly angering the witches and causing them to curse the play. There are stories of accidents, misfortunes and even deaths taking place during runs of Macbeth. The origin of the unfortunate moniker dates back to repertory theatre days when each town and village had at least one theatre to entertain the public.
If a play was not doing well, it would invariably get 'pulled' and replaced with a sure-fire audience pleaser — Macbeth guaranteed full-houses. So when the weekly theatre newspaper, The Stage was published, listing what was on in each theatre in the country, it was instantly noticed what shows had NOT worked the previous week, as they had been replaced by a definite crowd-pleaser.
More actors have died during performances of Hamlet than in the "Scottish play" as the profession still calls it. It is forbidden to quote from it backstage as this could cause the current play to collapse and have to be replaced, causing possible unemployment.
The cause of the riots was based on a conflict over two performances of Macbeth, and is usually ascribed to the curse. Bombed due to several changes that critics didn't like, such as transposing scenes and dialogue, dropping the redundant characters of Donalbain and the Third Murderer, inventing a new character a Christian ministerand actually having the cast speak in Scottish accents. Since Vindicated By History, though it still has some amators among Orson Welles fans who don't care that much about the changes as long as there is Welles's genius in it.
Roman Polanski 's film version, memorable for its explicit violence allegedly influenced by the murder of Polanski's wife and unborn child by the Manson Family and for Lady Macbeth's nude sleepwalking scene non-explicit. This is notable for being produced by Playboy Productionsas part of a short-lived attempt to create a mainstream film arm as well as a personal attempt by Polanski's friends to pull him out of depression.
Throne of BloodAkira Kurosawa 's take on the story, set in feudal Japan. Considered by many to be the best film adaptation of the material. Made Peter Ustinov claim that he after having seen it finally truly understood Macbeth. From a Jack to a King: Bob Carlton musical, with a lot of Sixties songs. They changed the setting to a plush Glaswegian restaurant.
Duncan is the owner, who carries the laurels off the actual chef, Macbeth played by James McAvoy. McAvoy would later portray the titular character on stage in a production directed by Jamie Lloyd, and the actor was nominated for a Laurence Olivier Award.
Scotland, PAa dark comedy also set in a restaurant, this one in s Pennsylvania. A condensed minute, five cast ensemble version in Prague then part of a unified, Soviet-controlled Czechoslovakia by Pavel Kohout.
Mac Homer, Rick Miller's one-man show, which casts Simpsons characters in the roles. While largely following the play's basic story, many liberties, fourth wall breaks and lampshades unsurprisingly occur for comedic effect.
It sticks to the play fairly well, but adds a few silent scenes, and suggests that Lady Macbeth acted out of grief of a dead child.
And she's also a cocaine addict. Audience members are masked and silent as they wander on their own through the massive ,square-foot McKittrick Hotel and the play and actors move around them. Characters are lifted from The Scottish Play and mingle with new, more Hitch-like characters. One of the more popular theatrical adaptations, with consistently sold-out shows extending the run well past its initial six weeks.
It's now been running for six years. Transferred to Broadway inand adapted into a television production in Free to watch on http: An audio novelization by A. Hartley and David Hewson, narrated by Alan Cumming.
It features deep analysis of several characters, portraying both Macbeth and his wife as tragic figures. It was praised for its visceral, immersive atmosphere that placed the audience right in the middle of the action. Martin Scorsese will soon direct a documentary about the production, which will be restaged at the Second World War Leavesden Aerodrome in Hertfordshire.
Filmed on location in the Scottish Highlands, performed with Scottish accents, and uses carefully-researched 11th-century costumes and settings. The play itself provides examples of the following tropes: Duncan, who is portrayed as elderly, reigned for six years before he was killed in battle at the age of 39 after an ill-fated expedition against the men of Moray led by Macbeth near Elgin. All Witches Have Cats: One of the witches has a Familiar named Greymalkina name associated with witches' cats.
Macbeth seems to hallucinate at points, like seeing a dagger pointing the way to Duncan's chamber. When he sees the ghost of Banquo and starts addressing it, Lady Macbeth excuses him by saying he's had episodes like this before The guests are not impressed that their king isn't always right in the head. Banquo is unsure what gender the three witches are. Remember that the play was written in a time where only men were allowed to be actors, meaning that the witches were originally played by men pretending to be women, so his line that they have beards is likely an inside joke.
In the Orson Welles version, one of them was played by a man. The Witches, which seem to have attributes that a normal human would never have. At least if you have to murder your king for it. What's especially sad is that Macbeth had already gained enormous prestige and rewards for his heroism in putting down the rebellion and invasion from Norway, and the high esteem he was held in by Duncan would have given him tremendous influence even if the king had stayed alive and passed the throne on to Malcolm.
At that period in Scottish history the kingship was more adoptive than hereditary, and Macbeth, as a successful general and a lord in his own right, had every reason to suppose that he might be tapped as next in line to the throne. This is the back-story to the part about "if chance will have me king, then chance may crown me" and the reason he is so shocked when Duncan names his son Malcolm as Prince of Cumberland, i.
In real life, Macbeth drew his support from the more conservative element in the Scots ruling class, who were horrified at the thought that supreme power might become a monopoly of one family. A clock is mentioned centuries before they would have been found in Europe.
The same error is found in Julius Caesar. And Your Little Dog, Too! Macbeth goes after the families of his numerous enemies. Banquo's son, Fleance, manages to escape, leaving Macbeth in mortal fear of some future revenge on his part Before the Witches put the idea of kingship in his head, Macbeth was a very loyal general, and even after his ambition drives him to murder, he feels incredibly guilty about it.
For all Lady Macbeth's tough talk about abandoning human kindness in order to commit the murder, she ultimately can't go through with it and her involvement in the deed drives her insane with guilt, leading to the famous sleepwalking scene and eventually her offscreen suicide by jumping off the battlements. Witches can predict the future and cast spells, dead men can come back as ghosts, apparitions can rise from cauldrons That would just be silly. Three witches, three murderers, twenty-seven three cubed scenes, et cetera.
The play revolves around Macbeth's cold murder of King Duncan and the downward spiral Macbeth falls into trying to ensure his continued rule by killing anyone else of political significance. Better to Die than Be Killed: Macbeth refuses to "play the Roman fool and die on [his] own sword", instead choosing to die in single combat with Macduff. The play is about his murdering his way to the top, culminating in his death.
In an unusual twist, he's also the main character. Macduff acts as this in the sense of being the main antagonist, but he's a Hero Antagonist. Bitch in Sheep's Clothing: Lady Macbeth encourages Macbeth to be one: Despite being named a Tragedy as it details a man being corrupted and descending into evil and ruinthe ending is far more positive than most of Shakespeare's Tragedies, but still quite dark. Towards the beginning, Macbeth displays the severed head of the traitor Macdonwald.
At the end, his own treasonous head is on display. Lay on, Macduff — and damn'd be he who first cries "Hold, enough!Urdu Quotes About Husband Wife Relation
We never actually see any evidence of vices from him save for, y'know, all the murder. More clearly, Malcolm describes himself this way to Macduff at first, but then admits that he is nothing of the sort, and he was merely testing Macduff. Macduff is not amused. Lady Macbeth, to the point that she prays for demons to come and turn her into a man out of the belief that it will allow her to be even eviler than she already is. Invoked, and why Macbeth's willing to fight to death.
The second and third apparitions take this form.
Specifically, Lady Macbeth wants to become evil so that she will be able to carry out the murder without remorse. It doesn't work, however — the guilt drives her insane and eventually to suicide. Death of a Child: Macduff's entire family is murdered, including his wife and son. Macbeth decapitated Macdonwald after disemboweling himthen affixes the rebel's head to a Scottish battlement.
In the last sceneMacduff greets Malcolm with Macbeth's severed head. Macbeth pins Duncan's murder on a pair of guards, then kills them, supposedly out of grief from just seeing Duncan's body. Macbeth reaches it when he learns of his wife's death, which prompts his Despair Speech. The "tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow" monologue. Mentioned by the first Witch in one of the Witches' first scenes. Supposedly, she once tracked down a sailor at sea and drove him insane by cursing him with permanent insomnia, all because the guy's wife refused to share some chestnuts with her.
Macbeth, however, rejects suicide and decides to fight to the death. Banquo is more conscientious than Macbeth, and tends to point out what Macbeth ought to be doing. After Macbeth Jumps off the Slippery Slopehe has Banquo killed; this represents the loss of Macbeth's moral conscience.
In the play, the Scottish kings are elected, which explains why the title character is chosen after Duncan, rather than his son. Reading between the lines, it may be that Duncan incurred some ire from the nobles for making his son heir-apparent while he was living.
Lady Macbeth mentions that the only reason she doesn't kill Duncan herself is because he looks too much like her dad. Even Evil Has Loved Ones: Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are typically depicted as loving towards one other.
Even Evil Has Standards: As Macbeth sinks further into underhanded deeds and cruelty, even the witches start to regard him as evil. Macduff's family is well at peace. Resting in peace, that is. The witches' song features a long list of the ingredients they're boiling in their cauldron to power their spells.
Macbeth begins the story as a straight-up hero of the Scottish people, despite seemingly being a bit bloodthirstyand is well-regarded by his peers, feared by his enemies, and highly respected by King Duncan. But his ambition and his subsequent guilt over all the murders he's ordered done to keep his crown cause him to go straight-up insane towards the end.
The play seems to hint that Macbeth knows what he is doing is wrong and wants to stop, but once he's murdered the king, there is simply no way but forward since he is going to burn in hell anyways. Lady Macbeth fakes a faint when Duncan's murder is discovered.
More specifically, she does it when Macbeth almost says too much regarding his murder of the king's guards. The fainting was likely a ploy to draw attention away from her husband's actions.
Macbeth, once a brave warrior, becomes a bloodthirsty tyrant. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are often portrayed as having a loving relationship and are great ones for entertaining their guests.
Unfortunately, Gruoch urges her husband to "look like the innocent flower, but be the serpent under it", and accuses her husband of wimping out under the pretense of false courage when he sent his first report and convinces him to let the guards take the rap for Duncan's murder.
Duncan mentions that the treacherous Thane of Cawdor who had just been executed for treason in Act I, Scene 4 "was a gentleman on whom I built an absolute trust. The killers that Macbeth hires both allude to having had troubled pasts. The Weird Sisters are bearded, according to Banquo.
There's no indication that Duncan was a bad king. Hecate is also this to the witches, being their superior that makes them deliver their second round of prophecies.
Gutted Like a Fish: In other words, Macbeth stuck a sword in the guy's belly and sliced up to his chin. Happily Married We never see Macduff and his wife in a scene together, but they seem to be this, despite her complaints about his leaving her behind. He's certainly devastated when she's killed, along with their children.
Despite their horrific deeds, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are very much in love with each other. Critic Harold Bloom points out that it's the only happy marriage in Shakespeare among protagonists. King Edward is said to be able to cure diseases. His wife loses her hold on him, however, after Duncan's murder. Macduff and Malcolm, fighting the good fight against Villain Protagonist Macbeth.
Malcolm fears that he would become lustful, greedy for his subjects' land and money, and that he would make a poor king because he appears to lack the necessary royal virtues. After Macduff reminds him of the virtuous character of Duncan and his mother, he reveals that this was a Secret Test of Character to Macduff, who had felt guilty about leaving his wife and son behind to be slaughtered.
Malcolm attempts this to Seward. The actual historical figure Macbeth killed Duncan fairly on the field of battle after Duncan invaded his landsthen proceeded to rule with little resistance for 17 years and was generally celebrated as a generous and decent king. However, James I, whom Shakespeare was no doubt aiming to please, was descended from the guy who overthrew him, sooooo Horrible Judge of Character: Duncan, who holds Macbeth in high esteem, makes him Thane of Cawdor, and goes to stay in his castle.
At the start of the play, the original Thane of Cawdor, who has turned traitor, is put to death for treason, and is redeemed by his bravery in death. At the end of the play, Macbeth, who had become the new Thane of Cawdor, has the same fate. Afterward, however, while Lady Macbeth goes increasingly mad from guilt, Macbeth's reaction to guilt is to seemingly lose all emotion and scruples and he far surpasses his wife in villainy.
The potion in Act IV includes some. Macbeth realizes several times, the wrongness of what he's done and that he has a chance to turn back, most notably before he has scrupulous thoughts about being ingrateful to Duncan whom he murders at his wife's urging to prove his love for her, and after the feast.
He doesn't, and when recalling the witches' prophecy of Banquo's descendants and Macduff, he further silences his conscience by ordering the murder of Banquo, in addition to Macduff's wife and son. Macbeth feels a lot more guilty about murdering Duncan than about any of his later crimes.
Macduff learns that his wife, kids, and servants are all murdered. It Was Here, I Swear! It doesn't help his case that Macbeth's the only one who can see the ghost anyway. I've Come Too Far: As befitting an ex-soldier. This is Macbeth's last line to Macduff, even though he's re-interpreted the prophecy and already knows he's screwed.
The Murderers who do in Banquo and Macduff's family subsequently disappear from the story without receiving any comeuppance. The witches have a lengthy discussion of all the petty, cruel things they've been doing in their free time. The naive Lady Macduff, who erroneously dismisses her husband's actions as cowardly and treacherous, is slain with her son by the murderers after ignoring a warning from a messenger who unsuccessfully urges her to take refuge Klingon Promotion: How Macbeth becomes thane of Cawdor, and later king.
Macbeth is keen on becoming king from the beginning, but it is his wife who persuades him to murder Duncan. Lady Macbeth's first name is never stated.
Macbeth has an extremely famous one. Banquo, who was unlucky enough to be present at the witches' citation. The Loins Sleep Tonight: The Porter's scene is chock-full of this stuff.
Hey, this was written by Shakespeare, master of the Double Entendre. Lonely at the Top: Once the Macbeths rule Scotland, there's no-one beside them since Macbeth murdered his friend Banquo to avert a prophecy that Banquo's descendants would be kings and their underlings are suspicious of them.
Macbeth's servant is named Seyton — sometimes pronounced like you-know-who. Though whether he's actually a diabolical figure or just has an Unfortunate Name is open to debate. The Low Middle Ages: Technically set in this era. By Maggotpies and Choughs and Rooks: Act 3, scene 4, line The three witches use a cauldron for their magic. Quite a few subsequent depictions of witches' cauldrons likely stem from this.
The Man Behind the Man: Macbeth wouldn't have gone so far without the encouragement of his wife. This is taken Up to Eleven as Macbeth was spurred on by the witches, who in turn work for Hecate. Macduff, after learning of the death of his children, reprimands Malcolm for suggesting that real men don't cry. Dispute it like a man. Maybe Magic, Maybe Mundane: It's up to the director to decide whether to actually show Banquo's ghost or the blood on Lady Macbeth's hands.
In England, while Malcolm is taking refuge there, King Edward is touching for the King's Evil off-stage — thus providing a Foil to Macbeth's less humane and efficacious kingship. Between the scene in which Duncan is murdered and the scene where his body is found, we're treated to an interlude involving a drunk doorman complaining about how he can't get an erection when liquored up.
In his famous essay "On the Knocking at the Gate in Macbeth", Thomas De Quincey argues that Mood Whiplash is the entire point of this interlude, commencing of course with the loud knocking from offstage; its effect is to increase the horror of what the Macbeths have done by abruptly throwing us back out of the horror and into more mundane concerns.
Murder Is the Best Solution: A ham-fisted murder coverup quickly turns into a bloodbath as Macbeth targets his potential rivals. He's got a big field to go after, too.
Macbeth initially tries to explain away their encounter with the witches as this, before concluding it must indeed have been real. Lady Macbeth in the sleepwalking scene. Explored from Macbeth's perspective as the body count rises. Macbeth becomes this when he realizes that Birnam Wood has indeed come to Dunisaine, concluding that life is "a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing. The murderers successfully kill Banquo, but Fleance escapes, which makes the Witches' prophecy to Banquo that "he shall get kings, though thou be none" more ominous when Macbeth asks if Banquo's descendants will ever reign, followed by a train of ghosts whose appearances resemble Banquo's future descendants.
No Man of Woman Born: The witches tell Macbeth that no man of woman born can kill him. Macbeth drops this knowledge on Macduff before their fight, only for Macduff to drop the bomb: Seyton's name is actually pronounced "See-tin" not like the way the Devil's name is pronounced. Omniscient Council of Vagueness: They observe everything in the play, but "only" interact by delivering prophecies.