The Crucible Act 1 Summary & Analysis | LitCharts
John Proctor, a local farmer, enters Parris's house to join the girls. Proctor He admits that he still harbors kind feelings for her but asserts that their relationship is over. Abigail mocks Proctor for bending to the will of his “cold, sniveling” wife. Why does the court debate whether Proctor plows on Sunday? When John reveals his true relationship to Abigail, what do you think he also reveals about his. trace the development of John Proctor from his first mention in the play until . actions noted in court documents that Abigail and John had a relationship. .. What does Betty's information about dancing in the forest reveal about Abigail's true.
If there's no witchcraft, why do the girls faint? The play suggests that the comas result in part from the girls' subconscious understanding that illness could help protect them from punishment for breaking Salem's strict social rules. Active Themes At her husband's insistence, Mrs. Putnam, who's had seven babies die in infancy, admits she sent Ruth to Tituba, who can conjure the dead, to find out why the babies died. Now that Ruth is afflicted too, Mrs. Putnam is certain that someone murdered her babies.
Putnam says a witch must be hiding in Salem. Putnam wants to have something to blame for the deaths of her babies. She wants it to be witchcraft, though she may not realize consciously that she does. Active Themes Parris turns to Abigail, who admits Ruth and Tituba conjured spirits, but insists she wasn't involved. Abigail continues to lie to protect her reputation.
Active Themes Parris moans that he'll be run out of town. But Putnam says Parris won't be if he stands up and declares he's discovered witchcraft instead of letting others charge him with it. Putnam, Putnam wants witchcraft to exist, though it isn't yet clear why.
Putnam and Abigail convince Parris he should speak to the crowd gathered downstairs. Parris agrees to lead them in singing a psalm. Parris continues to believe that the best way to protect himself is to argue against the presence of witchcraft. At the same time she and Mercy try to get their stories straight: Abigail tells Mercy that Parris saw her naked. Another girl, Mary Warren, runs in. She's terrified that the town will condemn them as witches.
She says they have to confess because the penalty for witchcraft is hanging, but if they confess to just dancing, they'll only be whipped. Abigail is established as a liar, and Mary as frightened of Abigail. It's obvious that Mary Warren, at least, believes there wasn't any real witchcraft. Note that like Parris, Abigail is at the moment putting all her effort into denying witchcraft.
Active Themes Betty suddenly wakes and huddles against the wall, calling for her dead mother. Abigail tells Betty not to worry because she told Parris everything. But Betty says Abigail didn't tell that she drank blood as a charm to kill Elizabeth Proctor. Abigail smacks her across the face.
She tells the other three girls that if they admit to anything more than dancing and Ruth and Tituba's conjuring, she'll kill them. Betty collapses back into her strange coma. Now it's revealed that Abigail really did push well beyond the strict religious laws of Salem in hopes of killing Elizabeth Proctor.
Abigail is more than just a liar: Active Themes John Proctor enters. He reprimands Mary, his servant, for leaving his house when he ordered her not to.
Mary and Mercy Lewis leave. Proctor is portrayed as strong-willed and moral. Active Themes When he's alone with Abigail, Proctor mentions the town's rumors of witchcraft. Abigail dismisses them, steps closer to Proctor, and says it's all nothing more than mischief. She says they were dancing and Betty just fainted. Proctor smiles, and says, "ah, you're wicked yet, aren't y'!
Proctor admits he has some feelings for her, but says the affair is over. Abigail, hurt and angry, insults Elizabeth, infuriating Proctor. Proctor's outward morality hides immoral thoughts and actions. Yet Proctor's self-hatred regarding his affair with Abigail actually proves his morality: It's now clear that Abigail wanted to kill Elizabeth Proctor to have her teenage crush to herself.
Betty begins to wail. Parris and the Putnams run into the room. Putnam says it's a sign of witchcraft: Betty can't bear to hear the Lord's name. Is it just a coincidence that Betty cries out when the hymn begins? Or has she been swayed by all the talk of witchcraft? Parris implores Rebecca to go to Betty. She does, and Betty quiets down. Parris and the Putnams are astonished.
Rebecca says this is just an example of children being children, and adds that she hopes Parris isn't really going to claim "loose spirits" were the cause. Rebecca Nurse speaks sensibly, but Parris and the Putnams resent her wisdom, perhaps as part of a general resentment of Rebecca's high standing in the community. Active Themes A disagreement arises about whether Parris should have called Reverend Hale to come search Salem for spirits without first holding a meeting.
The dispute erupts into an argument between Proctor, Putnam, Mrs. Putnam, Rebecca Nurse, and Parris about town politics and grievances.
The argument covers everything from Putnam's meddling, to Mrs. Putnam's envy that none of Rebecca Nurse's children has died, to Proctor's dislike of Parris' fiery sermons, to Parris's belief that his salary is insufficient and that there's a faction against him in the town, to boundary disputes between Putnam, the Nurses, Proctor, and Corey.
Witchcraft provides a forum for venting all of the resentments of Salem's close-knit oppressive society. Whether consciously or unconsciously, these resentments will impact all the characters' interactions as the hysteria about witchcraft grows. Active Themes Related Quotes with Explanations Reverend Hale enters carrying a stack of religious books about witchcraft. He seems eager to flex his authority. Proctor departs, but not before saying he's heard Hale is a sensible man and that he hopes he'll bring some sense to Salem.
Hale examines Betty, but when Putnam mentions witchcraft Hale stops him. Hale says that the mark of the devil is clear. He asks them all to agree not to push the issue of witchcraft if he finds no evidence. Though a minister, Hale sees himself as a doctor building up a diagnosis based on facts.
His focus on facts makes him less ideological than other ministers, less likely to impose his own beliefs on others or to need to protect his reputation. Active Themes Putnam, Mrs. Putnam, and Parris tell Hale of the recent events. Hale and Rebecca are shocked Mrs.
Putnam would send her child to commune with spirits, but Mrs. Putnam shouts that she won't allow Rebecca to judge her. Note the resentment between the Putnams and the Nurses. Salem society had previously kept their bitterness confined to silence. Active Themes As Hale takes out a book about witchcraft and prepares to examine Betty further, Rebecca departs, clearly dismissing all this fuss as foolish.
He asks Hale why his wife Martha reads books that she refuses to show him. Hale says they'll speak about it later, and gets to work. Proctor and Rebecca, two voices of reason, leave before the investigation begins. Those who can stop hysteria from growing often don't take it seriously until too late. Man, we must look to cause proportionate. Were there murder done, perhaps, and never brought to light?
Some secret blasphemy that stinks to Heaven? Think on cause, man, and let you help me to discover it. Although his perception of himself is that of a fraud, and belief in that image could compel him to give the court the kind of recollections they wish to hear to save his own life, it is ultimately his true essential nature that will not allow it.
I have wondered if there be witches in the world—although I cannot believe they come among us now. He was the kind of man—powerful of body, even-tempered, and not easily led—who cannot refuse support to partisans without drawing their deepest resentment. His reason for this attempt is drastically motivated by his past folly of committing adultery with Abigail Williams.
These events force an involvement upon John Proctor, since the trials he has tried to ignore have now invaded his private sanctuary. He uses Mary Warren as an appeal to the law for a reversal of the court edict. After being tried and condemned to death, John refuses to confess. However, he does not want to die for such an absurd reason. He is therefore faced with the predicament of being completely against the other condemned witches, and by his confession, becoming partly responsible for the deaths of his fellow prisoners.
The other course open to him is to align himself completely with the condemned witches. His choice to die is a choice to commit himself to his friends and die an honest man. Calandra and Roberts 38 Main Character Backstory At the beginning of The Crucible, it is clear that John Proctor is well regarded in the community, yet a past failing is indicated as the audience is introduced to his character: He is a sinner, a sinner not only against the moral fashion of the time, but against his own vision of decent conduct.
Miller 21 Influence Character Throughline Physics Influence Character Throughline Abigail endeavors to destroy the Proctor marriage so that she may have John Proctor for herself, first by using her sexuality, failing that—witchcraft: You drank blood, Abby. You drank a charm to kill Goody Proctor! Miller 19 Understanding Influence Character Concern Abigail appreciates and uses her power over men who are prey to weakness, whether it be sexual weakness or weakness caused by pride.
It is only Elizabeth Proctor and Mary Warren, who fully understand Abigail and the damage she is capable of causing. Instinct Influence Character Issue Abigail uses her instincts for survival and to get what she wants.
She follows her innate impulses with little care for consequences. Conditioning Influence Character Counterpoint To avoid certain trouble, Abigail uses threats to condition her girlfriends to respond exactly as she does to convince authorities they have seen spirits: And that is all.
Let either of you breathe a word, or the edge of a word, about the other things, and I will come to you in the black of some terrible night and I will bring a pointy reckoning that will shudder you. And you know I can do it. Conditioning Abigail uses the thematic conflict between intrinsic unconditioned responses and responses based on experience to her utmost advantage. At her most canny and diabolical, she cries out against those she wishes to suffer as if her cries are entirely involuntary.
She does this knowing her girlfriends will follow suit, and that the authorities of the court are now conditioned to accept her accusations: Is it possible, child, that the spirits you have seen are illusion only. Why, this—this—is a base question, sir. I have been hurt, Mr. To be mistrusted, denied, questioned like a— Danforth: Let you beware, Mr. Think you so mighty that the power of Hell may not turn your wits?
There is— Suddenly, from an accusatory attitude, her face turns, looking into the air above—it is truly frightened. A wind, a cold wind, has come. Your Honor, I freeze. I freeze, I freeze! Abigail shivering visibly It is a wind, a wind! Miller Miller further explains how Abigail is able to make an impact on Salem with her cries of witchcraft: It was as though the court had grown tired of thinking and had invited in the instincts: Inequity Influence Character Solution Abigail unjustly accuses Elizabeth of witchcraft so that she will hang and Abigail can take her place as Goody Proctor.
And God gave me strength to call them liars, and God made men to listen to me, and by God I will scrub the world clean for the love of him! Oh, John, I will make you such a wife when the world is white again! He rises, backs away amazed. Why are you cold? Learning Influence Character Benchmark The more Abigail learns how to use her acting abilities to frighten the townspeople, the more she appreciates the power she has.
Her uncle is suspicious of her hasty exit, and even more so when he discovers her dancing in the woods. Yet the one who escaped punishment, Abigail, is not innocent. But her crime, invisible to the eyes of the judges, for whom faith had replaced psychology. Relationship Story Throughline ""Thou Shalt Not Commit Adultery"" Universe Relationship Story Throughline The set of circumstances explored by John and Abigail is the extramarital affair that occurs between the vibrant, sensual, and amoral Abigail with the passionate, married John Proctor, a man who has been sexually rebuffed by his wife for many months.
Once the affair is discovered, Abigail becomes a woman scorned and is determined to get her man while eliminating his wife completely from his life.
The situation between John and Abigail evolves from one of lust to bitterness and revenge. I know how you clutched my back behind your house and sweated like a stallion whenever I came near. I saw your face when she put me out, and you loved me then and you do now! Miller 22 And later— Proctor: Abby, I may think softly of you from time to time.
Wipe it out of mind. We never touched, Abby. Aye, but we did. Aye, but we did not. I come to tell you, Abby, what I will do tomorrow in the court. I would not take you by surprise, but give you all good time to think on what to do to save yourself. If you do not free my wife tomorrow, I am set and bound to ruin you, Abby. Relationship Story Thematic Conflict Interdiction vs. Prediction The thematic conflict between interdiction and prediction in the subjective story can be seen in terms of the conflict between Abigail and John.
Abigail anticipates that once Elizabeth is permanently removed, she will step in as the next Goody Proctor.
Inertia Relationship Story Problem Inertia as the source of problems between John and Abigail can be seen in two ways. Abby, I never give you hope to wait for me. Miller 22 That Abigail continues on with her diabolical campaign to reunite with John creates problems for him, especially when the court authorities still believe her, even after he has given written testimony of her deception, and has admitted to his lechery: God help me, I lusted, and there is a promise in such sweat.
I know you must see it now. You deny every scrap and tittle of this? If I must answer that, I will leave and I will not come back again! Miller Change Relationship Story Solution If John could change his way of thinking in regard to his marital status, or if Abigail could quit her endeavor to endear John to her, they could solve the problem between the two.
Abigail Williams in The Crucible | ogloszenia-praca.info
Actuality Relationship Story Symptom John lets Abigail know that he sees right through her and will not stand for it: I bade Mary Warren—? You know what you do, you are not so mad! I will prove you for the fraud you are! Miller Perception Relationship Story Response Though John tries to make Abigail understand he knows what she is up to and that he will not stand for it, she chooses to continue with her particular reading of his actions: You will tell the court you are blind to spirits; you cannot see them any more, and you will never cry witchery again, or I will make you famous for the whore you are!
I know you, John—you are this moment singing secret hallelujahs that your wife will hang! You mad, you murderous bitch! Oh, how hard it is when pretense falls! But it falls, it falls! You have done your duty by her. I hope it is your last hypocrisy. Miller Destiny Relationship Story Catalyst Once Abigail sets her sights on John Proctor, believing him to be her destined husband, she engages in witchcraft to win him by her side.
He counters by asking her to stop the nonsense—further infuriating this woman scorned—which precipitates the certain tragedy for John and his wife. Present Relationship Story Benchmark As the current situation between John and Abigail moves from dallying behind the barn to a full-blown courtroom drama, it is clear that any close relationship between the two is dissipating at a fast rate.
John Proctor falls to the sexual temptations of the young girl, and he and Abigail engage in an extramarital affair. Additional Story Points Memory Overall Story Goal The court demands the townspeople of Salem to come forward with their recollections of who in the town has acted in a manner that may be interpreted as that of being a witch, whether they are memories of their own actions or those of their neighbors.
Past Overall Story Consequence As a consequence of the failure to achieve the goal, many of the townspeople lie about who they recall has exhibited witch-like behavior, resulting in the same kind of persecution they have suffered in the past in England: Long-held hatreds of neighbors could now be openly expressed, and vengeance taken.
Miller Understanding Overall Story Cost An example of understanding as a cost incurred on the way to achieving the goal is when Hale comprehends his part in the madness: Do you understand me?
What do you want of me? Let you not mistake your duty as I mistook my own. I came to this viIlage like a bridegroom to his beloved, bearing gifts of high religion; the very crowns of holy law I brought, and what I touched with my bright confidence, it died; and where I turned the eye of my great faith, blood flowed up.
Beware, Goody Proctor—cleave to no faith when faith brings blood. It is mistaken law that leads you to sacrifice. I beg you, woman, prevail upon your husband to confess.
- Who is Abigail Williams?
- Act I: Abigail, Salem, and Reputation
- The Next Chapter in Story Development