Detailed Discussion of Swap Meet Laws | Animal Legal & Historical Center
California Resident Income Tax Return FORM. C1 Side 1. Filing Status . Ex emptions. Fiscal year filers only: Enter month of year end: month________. 21 > Regina AAC 45th Annual Swap Meet Meet). Abbotsford, BC / / [email protected] / ogloszenia-praca.info The Iola Car Show and Swap Meet directory .. Gate No. 10—Swap meet enters on . Iola-Scandinavia High School at S. Jackson .. That was around Chevrolet 1 1/2 Ton Flat Bed Low Ca. Skaar.
With that said, we're going to kick-off the season starting this Saturday, March 3, form 7: This event is free to attend and show-off your car. Meet your fellow gear heads over a cup of coffee. I will try and gather some "stuff" to giveaway. Cool Cruise; In Old Town from 9am till 3pm.
Welcome to the Paramount Swap Meet
Proceeds benefit FLA Rescue, www. The event starts in Thousand Oaks and moves up the scenic California coast for three days. This event benefits the Valley Center for the Blind. On the website; www. Registration opens at 8am. For more info, call or Registration will be accepted at the gate.
Koleen Medina or register www. Click here for the flyer. Embassy Suites, Anza Blvd. Open to all preAmerican traditional hot rods, customs, and classics.
Hosted by The Bombshells. Bands to be announced. Don't miss an opportunity to come to one or more of our classic car events. Mark your calendar now! Come to buy, come to sell or come to look; there is an event listed below just for you. Bring the whole family for a great day! All Classic cars accepted.
Must have entry by March 15and first 20 entries get a free car show t-shirt. There will be awards and vendors. Registration forms, contact Kevin Souza ator email silvernblack60 att. Proceeds help fund Book Grants and Scholarships for students. Sherm, or e-mail chaffeycollegecarclub hotmail. Free Free Free, just bring your classic and have some fun! Terry or terry. Judging starts at 10am with the awards presented at 3pm. Pancake breakfast starts at 7am.
The show is on Draper Street. Gates Close at 10am! Food court, dash plaques for firstand lots of awards. Kick off party on from 5pm till 9pm on Friday. More than entrants will compete for the title of Best in Show.
Get from one side of the island to the other easily using the FREE trolley. Cherry Avenue, at American Ave. Central Valley Classic; It's that time again!
It is held on the beautiful grounds of the Madera County Courthouse Park in Madera, you can relax on grass under year old shade trees. We are the new owners of this KOA and new to this community and looking forward to meeting everyone! The show is open to cars and trucks; classics and customs, which will be competing for a Best of Show trophy. Special musical entertainment by the Royal Blues Jazz Band.
Show is open to all types of vehicles including cars, trucks, semi trucks, tractors, motorcycles, you name it! Goodie bags and raffle tickets provided to all registrants, trophies awarded for each class.
Half Moon Bay, CA: Cabrillo Highway, located on Highway 1, about 20 miles south of San Francisco and 5 miles north of Highway It's a whimsical, fascinating, amusing, curious and absolutely unique show and tell spectacle featuring 2,magnificent driving, flying and working machines from the 20th and21st centuries.
Tickets are available at the gate only. Show runs 4pm till 7pm. Open to all and prior cars. Pat, or www. Bikers are our favorite people, come check out the beautiful bikes.
Four days of FUN! Click here for the flyer and registration form. Judges will consist of auto experts from local car dealers and local officials. Proceeds will be used to help our senior programs. Contact Stacy Anselmo, It will be held at Dr. Powers Park on the corner of Tracy Blvd and Lowell, rain or shine. Bring your or older car and join the fun.
Public Registration is limited to Pre '75 cars. There will be great food, awesome entertainment, and many vendors. Hope to see you there! Info and registration forms: This is the only fund raiser the auto shop does each year and usually brings in about cars from through out the High Desert and Inland Empire. As you may already know not every teenager is going to be the football quarter back or a cheer leader.
We want students to be proud of their own talents and interests and know there is a community out there that supports and understands them. Students will be displaying their cars proudly and are always excited to see the line of beautiful cars that come each year. These cars are worked on and built by students but owned by the instructor Mike Stayton. They have a long way to go of course. For entry and sponsor forms please go to our website www.
Or call Rogelio Roger Cevallos at Space for 75 vehicles so register early! Hosted by Edelbrock, LLC. All makes and models are welcome. Show hours are For more info visit http: Show entries call Barry, ; Swap vendors call Leigh, Moore Way from 10am till 3pm.
Proceeds will go to support the traveling members of the armed forces and their families that use the USO center at the old terminal at the airport. Sponsors and Vendors are welcome. Call Gail or Mary at for vendor or sponsorship opportunities.
The Clampers are Coming! We will keep the space in front of The Barn roped off for our major monument construction. As I understand it, it is quite the event to witness. Lots of fun and laughter and friendly folks. We'll also celebrate Cinco de Mayo!! The event will feature vendors, a raffle, bands and of course cars. Trophy for Best in Show, to be chosen by the amazing Kim Lenz. The event now moves to a much better and bigger venue, the Hooters restaurant at South Coast Drive.
Pre-registered cars will be allowed to move in and park first, so ya better pre-register by May 7th. Enter on line at: You will be treated to hundreds of classics, customs, muscle cars, race cars, rat rods, motorcycles, vintage cars, low riders and more.
Music, Raffle, Food and lots of fun! Application deadline is May 9th. The event is from noon until 6: Trophies will be awarded in several categories. This is a fun, free family event.
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Info and registration forms are available online at www. Space is limited so sign up right away. Any and all profits are being donated to the YHS Auto program in order to further student education in automotive technology.
If you are interested in donating, my contact information is down below and I'd be glad to walk you through the steps of getting your donation to us. Brandon Shapiro, bshapiro94 yahoo. Open to all cars and trucks! Justin or POSJustin gmail. Show runs 10am to 3pm rain or shine. Open to and earlier vehicles. Vince days, and evenings up to 8pm.
Pancake breakfast, raffle, bbq, live music, vendors and lots of awards! All proceeds will benefit high school sports. Debbi or on the web at www. Corner of Fowler and Shaw. Proceeds go to the Jefferson Elementary Parent Club. Free to the public. All cars and motorcycles welcome. Prima County, Arizona and Memphis, Tennessee also have ordinances that prohibit the sale of animals at swap meets. The penalties for violating these ordinances are minimal e.
Other cities technically ban swap meets, but include major exceptions to the bans. Instead, they form a patchwork of outright bans often with major exceptions around the country.
State Laws Regulating Animal Swap Meets At least five states CaliforniaNevadaVirginiaIllinoisand Nebraska have state laws that at least reference animal swap meets and regulate them in some way. Some of these laws enact comprehensive restrictions while others are limited to specific animals or impose only procedural requirements.
California Car Clubs-Event Schedule
This section provides a brief survey of these laws and compares and contrasts their provisions. This section does not include statutes that define swap meets for tax and revenue purposes only. Illinois Illinois was the first state to regulate swap meets when it amended the Illinois Diseased Animal Act in Illinois only requires swap meet organizers to provide the state information about the swap meet 30 days before it occurs.
The law also requires organizers to maintain records that include information about the kinds of animals present and any transfers that took place during the swap meet. California Health and Safety Code sections to were passed in and took effect in January of The law allows animals to be sold at swap meets only if the local jurisdiction has adopted standards for the care and treatment of the animals at the swap meet, including the transport of animals to and from the swap meet.
Local ordinances must meet certain minimum requirements detailed in the statute, including sanitation, proper ventilation, adequate nutrition, disease prevention, adequate space, proper documentation, recommendations for the new owner, and a business license. Any peace officer, animal control officer, or humane officer is authorized to issue this fine. Notable exceptions to the law include state fairs and stockyards, and the sale of cattle, sheep, swine, goats and equines in public markets.
The laws also exempts dog, cat and bird shows that meet certain requirements. Nevada InNevada added a section to its comprehensive animal cruelty statute that addresses animal swap meets. The Nevada law follows a similar structure to the California law, and requires animal swap meet vendors to operate in jurisdictions that have adopted local ordinances that meet certain minimum requirements. A vendor who sells or attempts to sell an animal at a swap meet in violation of the law is guilty of a misdemeanor.
The minimum requirements for the local ordinances are not listed in the statute itself. These sections include a wide range of regulations. Finally, only section It requires a retailer or dealer to reimburse a purchaser and pay for certain expenses if the purchased pet has a terminal disease or condition that requires immediate hospitalization. The incorporated cruelty laws also prohibit the sale of a diseased animal.
It is unclear whether this means the ordinances cannot explicitly authorize cruelty or whether they must actively prohibit it. It does not apply to the sale or transfer of livestock or any event with a primary purpose of selling livestock or agricultural implements. It also does not apply to outdoor adoption events for dogs and cats, or to people who do not charge fees for the adoption or transfer of animals that are properly vaccinated.
This law essentially prohibits the sale of dogs and cats at swap meets anywhere in the state, but does not prohibit swap meets altogether or regulate the sale of any other kind of animal at swap meets. Exotic animals include animals not commonly sold as livestock, like small mammals except dogs and cats and birds. The law requires venue organizers to obtain permits thirty days in advance, maintain detailed records, and ensure veterinary inspections are conducted.
Important Features Analysis Of these laws, only Nevada and California address swap meets comprehensively. Although they both regulate swap meets by requiring local ordinances to meet certain minimum criteria, those criteria are very different.
The California law, which was enacted independently instead of tacked on to an existing law, details the criteria in the law itself and applies to all animals at swap meets. The Nevada law, on the other hand, requires local ordinances to adopt most laws pertaining to the treatment of dogs and cats, which include very strict standards for confinement and nourishment. Limiting the minimum requirements to laws that impact dogs and cats does not force localities to regulate the treatment of most animals sold at swap meets.
This is a bizarre way to limit ordinances since localities are bound by state anti-cruelty statutes anyway. Conversely, if the ordinance has to explicitly prohibit acts of cruelty, it would at least provide an additional avenue for enforcement.
The laws also impose significantly different penalties. The California law has a very limited penalty of a few hundred dollars, even for repeat offenders. The Nevada law, on the other hand, makes violations a criminal offense. In short, the Nevada law is somewhat more limited and less clear than the California law, but it has more teeth. In sharp contrast to the NevadaCaliforniaand Virginia laws, Illinois and Nebraska impose mainly procedural requirements on swap meets and their organizers.
These laws seem less motivated by animal welfare and more motivated by keeping swap meets safe and disease-free. Record-keeping is a key element of both laws, which seek to regulate swap meets by keeping the state apprised of key information rather than by policing animal welfare. All of the substantive provisions exclude most livestock, including cattle and horses. The Virginia law even excludes dogs used for farming purposes. Animals used in agriculture, on the other hand, have historically been granted fewer protections, a trend that holds true for animal swap meet laws.
California Law Case Study The California swap meet law is the most comprehensive one of its kind in the country. It is a standalone law that requires local ordinances to adopt specific minimum requirements before animals can be legally sold and traded at swap meets. Yet it also has a very low penalty for noncompliance and significant exceptions. Delving into the legislative history of the law provides valuable insight into what prompted its passage and how it developed.
The bill was sponsored and written by Senator Roger Dickinson. He became interested in the issue when one of his staffers brought the conditions of animal swap meets to his attention.
Paramount Swap Meet - Southern California Flea Market
He was particularly disturbed by how dogs, cats, and rabbits were being sold at swap meets without proper care. Senator Dickinson also expressed concern about how swap meets were being used as places to sell illegally smuggled animals. These issues inspired Senator Dickinson to propose new legislation that would ban the sale of animals at swap meets altogether.
However, it soon became clear that banning the sale of animals at swap meets would be politically difficult. The California Swap Meet Owners Association protested the bill, arguing that they should be regulated as ordinary vendors rather than prohibited from selling certain items animals altogether.Largest Cycle Swap Meet/Flea Market in Long Beach, California! (August 2017)
They claimed that banning the sale of animals would put them out of business as small business owners, an argument that Senator Dickinson was personally surprised had gained so much traction.
They also argued that some counties in California had already set standards for the sale of animals at swap meets, like requiring a permit through the Veterinary Services Department in order to sell certain animals.
The Association made clear that they were willing to abide by regulations, but opposed banning the sale of animals.
The first was that the bill deferred to local ordinances to mostly handle the issue as long as they met certain minimum requirements. If a local jurisdiction did not adopt an ordinance, however, the sale of animals at swap meets was banned.
According to Senator Dickinson, many swap meets were happy with this compromise because many places where they operated already had adequate ordinances. For instance, San Jose had strict requirements already, and so the law did not impact swap meets in that jurisdiction. The second major compromise was a decrease in the penalty for violating the law.
Their influence resulted in a watered down version of the bill that delegates most regulations to localities and imposes a fairly small penalty for non-compliance, with no criminal sanctions even for repeat offenders. Conclusions Animal swaps can be regulated in three ways: A few states have adopted laws that directly regulate swap meets, and serve as a baseline for local ordinances.
In order to raise the minimum standards, states adopting future swap meet laws should 1 include specific requirements about confinement, nutrition, and transport directly in the statutory text like the California law ; 2 protect all animals sold at swap meets instead of limiting the protections to dogs and cats like the Virginia law and, to some extent, the Nevada law ; and 3 impose a meaningful penalty, perhaps even a misdemeanor, for multiple offenses.
It is too soon to tell if more recent state laws are effectively preventing animal mistreatment at swap meets. At least one news article indicates that poor conditions persist, even in California, which had adopted the most stringent animal swap meet law.
As with animal cruelty laws, animal swap meet laws will only be meaningful if they are properly enforced. As for states that have not yet regulated swap meets, the legislative history from current laws illustrates why this issue can be so politically challenging for lawmakers. Swap meets are local events that serve communities. They are places where people can come together in an informal setting to sell, trade, and barter.
For many small businesses, swap meets are a primary source of income. And for farmers and others who raise livestock, swap meets are a way to get the animals they need and sell the animals they no longer need. In other words, selling animals at swap meets is an accepted practice in many rural communities across America.
For these reasons, it has proved politically untenable to ban animal swap meets altogether. Even more striking, states with the most comprehensive swap meet regulations have delegated authority to localities to craft their own ordinances. It may also speak to the role of lobbyists in watering down unfavorable legislation. The legislative history reveals that swap meet organizers have their own lobbying association that effectively pressured the California legislature to allow swap meet vendors to keep selling animals.